Queen Elizabeth II, who ruled the UK for 70 years, passed away at Balmoral at the age of 96.
After worries about her health grew earlier on Thursday, her family gathered at her Scottish estate.
The Queen saw significant social change after ascending to the throne in 1952.
After her passing, her eldest son Charles, the former Prince of Wales, would take the throne as the new King and ruler of 14 Commonwealth states, leading the nation in grief.
In a statement, Buckingham Palace said: “The Queen died peacefully at Balmoral this afternoon.
“The King and the Queen Consort will remain at Balmoral this evening and will return to London tomorrow.”
Following the Queen’s placement under medical supervision, all of her children made their way to Balmoral, which is close to Aberdeen.
Prince William, her grandson, is also present, and Prince Harry is en route.
The reign of Queen Elizabeth II as head of state covered the post-World War II period of austerity, the change from an empire to a Commonwealth, the end of the Cold War, and the UK’s membership in – and exit from – the European Union.
15 prime ministers served during her reign, including Liz Truss, who was chosen by the Queen earlier this week and was born 101 years after Winston Churchill in 1975.
Throughout her rule, she met with her prime minister on a weekly basis.
Crowds waiting for updates on the Queen’s condition at Buckingham Palace in London started crying when they learned of her passing.
At 18:30 BST, the Union flag above the palace was lowered to half-staff.
Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor was born the Queen on April 21, 1926, in Mayfair, London.
Few could have predicted she would become the monarch, but in December 1936, her uncle Edward VIII abdicated the monarchy in order to wed American Wallis Simpson, who had previously been divorced twice.
Elizabeth’s father, King George VI, abdicated in favor of her sister Lilibet, who was heir to the throne at the age of 10.
Britain and Nazi Germany were at war in three years. After their parents rejected recommendations that they be moved to Canada, Elizabeth and her younger sister, Princess Margaret, spent a large portion of the war at Windsor Castle.
Elizabeth, who was then 18 years old, completed five months training as a driver and basic mechanic with the Auxiliary Territorial Service.
She subsequently reflected, “I started to comprehend the esprit de corps that thrives in the face of adversity.
She corresponded via letters with her third cousin Philip, Prince of Greece, who was enlisting in the Royal Navy, during the course of the conflict. The couple’s relationship flourished, and on November 20, 1947, they were married at Westminster Abbey, with the prince assuming the title of Duke of Edinburgh.
After 74 years of marriage, she would later refer to him as “my strength and stay” before his 99th birthday death in 2021.
Princess Anne was born in 1950, Prince Andrew in 1960, and Prince Edward in 1964. Their first son, Charles, was born in 1948. They each produced eight grandkids and twelve great-grandchildren for their parents.
Princess Elizabeth was representing the ill King in Kenya in 1952 when Philip informed her that her father had passed away. As the new Queen, she went back to London right away.
She later remembered, “It was all a very sudden kind of taking on and making the best job you can.
Elizabeth was crowned at Westminster Abbey on June 2, 1953, at the age of 27, in front of an estimated 20 million viewers of the then-record TV broadcast.
With the demise of the British Empire abroad and the swinging ’60s eroding social conventions at home, the following decades would witness significant change.
For this less reverent era, Elizabeth changed the monarchy by interacting with the populace through walkabouts, royal visits, and attendance at public events. She visited every Commonwealth nation at least once, demonstrating her unwavering dedication to the organization.
But there were times of both personal and national suffering. Three of the Queen’s children’s marriages failed during the “annus horribilis” of 1992, when a fire destroyed Windsor Castle, a functional palace as well as a private dwelling.
After the death of Diana, Princess of Wales, in a car accident in Paris in 1997, the Queen drew criticism for appearing reluctant to respond publicly.
There were questions about the monarchy’s relevance in modern society.
“No institution… should expect to be free from the scrutiny of those who give it their loyalty and support, not to mention those who don’t,” she acknowledged.
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