The World Bank has reduced Nigeria’s 2023 growth forecast by 0.3 percentage point to 2.9 percent from 3.2 percent previously.
According to the bank, the downgrading was caused by production issues in the oil sector, increased insecurity, and flooding.
This was revealed by the World Bank in a report titled January 2023 Global Economic Prospects.
“In Nigeria, growth is anticipated to decline to 2.9 percent in 2023 and maintain at that level in 2024, just above population growth,” according to the research.
The non-oil sector’s growth momentum is anticipated to be stifled by the oil sector’s prolonged deterioration.
Existing production and security concerns, as well as a slowing in oil prices, are projected to stymie an increase in oil output.
“Policy uncertainty, sustained high inflation, and rising incidence of violence are anticipated to temper growth. Growth in agriculture is expected to soften because of the damage from last year’s floods.
“As fiscal position is expected to remain weak because of high borrowing costs, lower energy prices, a sluggish growth of oil production, and a subdued activity in the non-oil sectors.”
The Bank also expected global growth to decline to 1.7 percent in 2023 from 2.0 percent previous projection due to global recessions caused by the pandemic and the global financial crisis.
It stated: “Global growth is expected to decelerate sharply to 1.7 percent in 2023, the third weakest pace of growth in nearly three decades, overshadowed only by the global recessions caused by the pandemic and the global financial crisis.
“This is 1.3 percentage points below previous forecasts, reflecting synchronous policy tightening aimed at containing very high inflation, worsening financial conditions, and continued disruptions from the Russian Federation’s invasion of Ukraine.
“The United States, the euro area, and China are all undergoing a period of pronounced weakness, and the resulting spillovers are exacerbating other headwinds faced by emerging market and developing economies (EMDEs).
ECONOMIC: IMF Projects Growth For Nigeria In 2021
“The combination of slow growth, tightening financial conditions, and heavy indebtedness is likely to weaken investment and trigger corporate defaults.
“Further negative shocks such as higher inflation, even tighter policy, financial stress, deeper weakness in major economies, or rising geopolitical tensions could push the global economy into recession.
“In the near term, urgent global efforts are needed to mitigate the risks of global recession and debt distress in EMDEs. Given limited policy space, it is critical that national policy makers ensure that any fiscal support is focused on vulnerable groups, that inflation expectations remain well anchored, and that financial systems continue to be resilient.
“Policies are also needed to support a major increase in EMDE investment, which can help reverse the slowdown in long-term growth exacerbated by the overlapping shocks of the pandemic, the invasion of Ukraine, and the rapid tightening of global monetary policy.
This will require new financing from the international community and from the repurposing of existing spending, such as inefficient agricultural and fuel subsidies.”
Follow us on Facebook
The opinions, beliefs and viewpoints expressed by the author and forum participants on this website do not necessarily reflect the opinions, beliefs and viewpoints of Anaedo Online or official policies of the Anaedo Online.