It made the announcement in its most recent Food Security Update report, which was released on Wednesday.
“Information from the most recent month for which food price inflation data are available, between December 2022 and March 2023, shows high inflation in almost all low and middle-income countries.”
“Inflation rates above 5% in 70.6 percent of low-income countries and 90.9 percent of lower-middle-income countries.”Inflation is also above 5% in 87% of upper-middle-income nations, with several facing double-digit inflation,” it said.
It emphasised that around 84.2% of high-income countries were suffering high food price inflation.
“The countries most affected are in Africa, North America, Latin America, South Asia, Europe, and Central Asia,” according to the World Bank.
It quoted the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) as stating that the benchmark index of international food commodity prices declined for the 12th consecutive month in March 2023.
“The FAO Food Price Index averaged 126.9 points in March 2023, a marginal 2.1 per cent decrease from February 2023 and a 20.5 per cent decrease from its peak in March 2022.
“The index, which tracks monthly changes in international commodity prices, indicated that a combination of factors, including ample supplies, subdued import demand, and extension of the Black Sea Grain Initiative, contributed to the decrease,’’ the bank stated.
It noted that in 2019 and before COVID-19, the FAO Food Price Index stood at 95.1 points.
As part of its global response to food security crisis, the World Bank announced in April 2022 that it would provide up to 30 billion dollars over 15 months, including 12 billion dollars in new projects.
The bank stated that the financing was to scale up short-term and long-term responses along four themes to boost food and nutrition security, reduce risks, and strengthen food systems.
“This will be done by supporting producers and consumers, facilitating increased trade in food and trade inputs, supporting vulnerable households, and investing in sustainable food and nutrition security.
“Between April and December 2022, the bank’s food and nutrition security commitments in new lending passed the 12 billion dollars mark with almost half of this for Africa, which is one of the regions hardest-hit by the food crisis.
“Some examples include the 766-million-dollar West Africa Food Systems Resilience Programme which is working to increase preparedness against food insecurity and improve the resilience of food systems in West Africa.
“The programme is increasing digital advisory services for agriculture and food crisis prevention and management.
“It is also boosting adaption capacity of agriculture system actors, and investing in regional food market integration and trade to increase food security,’’ it stated.
The World Bank added that an additional 345 million dollars is currently under preparation for Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
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